Jul
29

NEC 2020 to help better identify & understand equipment history

 Members of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) have now completed the annual NFPA Conference and Expo, where a considerable amount of debate occurred around the topic of reconditioned equipment. Until now, this issue was not a focus of the National Electrical Code (NEC). The new updated code brings clarity and transparency to the table by educating customers around the equipment they're buying and installing. In my opinion, the electrical industry must work together to take this foundation to the next level. We now have a platform from which clarity and transparency pertaining to reconditioned equipment can be expanded upon to help buyers and sellers of refurbished electrical safety devices develop and adhere to best practices for safety's sake.

The use of reconditioned equipment and its safety implications

It's common for electrical professionals to source reconditioned equipment, especially contractors on large jobs or on those projects where a quick turn-around on older equipment is needed. The practice can be cost effective and, in instances where older legacy systems require devices that are no longer manufactured, often necessary to solve an immediate requirement. But with many counterfeit devices in the supply chain and devices and equipment that may have experienced flooding or other abnormal damage, the NEC has made it clear that safety must take a higher priority.

With that, NEC 2020 will end its silence on this topic and seek to assure proper reconditioning of electrical equipment. New requirements for are found across 20 sections of the document, with changes making it clear what equipment can and cannot be refurbished for safety reasons.

"A basic understanding of the term "reconditioned" is critical to success."

Thomas Domitrovich, Eaton vice president, technical sales

The one critical rule

Though 20 new requirements are under consideration, one is most important in my opinion: 110.21(A)(2). It states equipment must be identified as reconditioned and the original listing mark removed (though the original nameplate may remain in place). This means third-party testing marks (such as the UL listing mark) must be removed and the device identified as reconditioned.

This addition is tremendously important for the Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) to help them identify equipment that has been refurbished or reconditioned and ensure these NEC requirements are enforced. These changes raise the bar of safety for refurbished equipment and those that provided refurbished equipment. Refurbished products brought to market will carry the transparency needed for the specifier, installer, and ultimately the owner. A basic understanding of the term "reconditioned" is critical to success.

What does "reconditioned" mean?

As with many changes in the NEC, good definitions are necessary for proper enforcement of requirements. Discussions will occur across the industry to understand this new term. Three different Code-making Panels assembled what we have today as a definition for "reconditioned." These technical committees have done their part to create, what I believe is, a solid definition:

"Reconditioned equipment is electromechanical systems, equipment, apparatus, or components that are restored to operating conditions. This process differs from normal servicing of equipment that remains within a facility, or replacement of listed equipment on a one-to-one basis."

As with most new changes, especially those as significant as these, NEC 2020 will benefit from public review as it rolls out across the country. Many electrical professionals will learn of what NEC 2020 now requires and develop educational materials that support it. As more people review the updated code, the more we'll see ideas arise on how to improve this text. This process is one of the best in the industry – as the code evolves over time, it improves. My colleague, Jim Dollard, IBEW Local 98 in Philadelphia, said it best: "It's a solid definition, it is comprehensive. The first sentence clarifies that reconditioned means "restored to operating conditions." That means the equipment was not useable. This also clarifies that "used equipment" that is in operating condition is not considered to be "reconditioned equipment." The second sentence is extremely important. This text provides clarification with respect to "normal servicing of equipment that remains within a facility or replacement of listed equipment on a one-to-one basis." Any "normal servicing of equipment that remains within a facility" is not reconditioned. Keep in mind that a facility is a single building, a campus or a network of cell towers for example. Replacement of "listed equipment on a one-to-one basis" clarifies that piece of equipment that is not in operating condition can be restored to operating condition through the replacement of "listed equipment on a one-to-one basis" and is not considered to be "reconditioned equipment."

Here is my opinion on a breakdown of each aspect of the definition. Keep in mind that your Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) is the final say on all of these requirements including the interpretation of the definition.

Electromechanical systems

"Electromechanical systems, equipment, apparatus, or components that are restored to operating conditions." This first sentence is very broad. No matter the system, equipment, apparatus, or component, the key portion of this sentence lies in these four words; "restored to operating conditions." This means the equipment was not operable and something had to be done to return it to a functioning state.

In my opinion: If an electrical contractor removes a fully operational panelboard from a facility to either upgrade or install a larger panelboard, the contractor may reinstall that panelboard elsewhere in the facility. The panelboard is clearly used equipment and not reconditioned because no steps were taken to repair or modify it and return it to an operating condition.

Normal servicing

Continuing from the definition, "This process differs from normal servicing of equipment." There are numerous events that can affect devices including flooding, fires and other extremes. Servicing this equipment after these events will beg the question of whether or not this is "normal servicing." We won't find a definition in the NEC for "normal servicing" as commonly used, well-understood terms aren't defined. The question will remain for many though as to what exactly is meant by the use of the term "normal" in this context.

In my opinion: We have to apply common sense here. Equipment that's been underwater, in a fire, or other similar event is not normal in my opinion. Servicing equipment per manufacturer instructions for updates or maintenance reasons are normal activities. Equipment manufacturers help to define "normal" by working with service departments to identify common repairs performed on a regular basis. 

Facility

"That remains within a facility." Knowing the history of equipment is the next step of this definition. It's easier to understand the history of equipment that was purchased for and remained in a single facility during its entire life. This history is important for safety. Repairing and maintaining this equipment is not considered, "reconditioning." We can't forget too that we're talking about equipment that is ". . . restored to operating conditions."

In my opinion: This asserts that the owner of equipment has a better understanding of its history. If a technician removes a device from a facility and that device is in working order when reused within that same facility, that's use of used equipment. This equipment was not in a state of condition that requires someone to return it to operating conditions. If the condition of the device is not known, steps may have to be taken to modify the equipment to replace components to raise the level of confidence that this equipment is in operating conditions addressing areas of concern. This would then meet the definition of reconditioned equipment.

One-to-one basis

"Replacement of existing equipment on a one-to-one basis." The code making panels took time to ensure that the act of replacing components within equipment per manufacturer instructions does not fall under the reconditioned equipment umbrella. Contractors and IT managers often replace existing devices for many reasons, such as equipment end-of-life or for assembly capacity increases.

In my opinion: If equipment is listed for the same purpose as the original device being replaced, it's done on a one-to-one basis and, therefore, is not reconditioned. Let's take the example of an electrician replacing a circuit breaker in a panelboard with another per manufacturer instructions. The replacement is a one-to-one example and the application was not reconditioned. On the other hand, should this replacement occur in conjunction with cleaning the internal bus and other components within the enclosure after an event such as a flood, fire or similar, we're looking at refurbished equipment. 

What clarity means for the industry

These code changes were upheld at the annual meeting amidst extensive debate. Our electrical industry understands the challenges and safety concerns around reconditioned equipment. The requirements for reconditioned equipment were overwhelmingly supported on the floor of the annual meeting.

Proper governance starts with ensuring education for those focused on electrical safety. Organizations like the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW), the National Electrical Contractors Association (NECA), Independent Electrical Contractors (IEC), the International Association of Electrical Inspectors (IAEI) and others will be working to update and create their curricula based on these new changes. Consistency in what we all teach is important to success

Don't wait for the NEC. Here's what you can do now.

As with any NEC safety change, this will be a journey with many growing pains along the way. Future efforts will seek to clarify, expand and correct requirements for used and reconditioned equipment. This journey will continue over many review cycles.

So, what can you do to protect yourself? I believe buyers and suppliers of reconditioned devices can do more to assure safety today:

Suppliers – differentiate yourself from others

  • Pay close attention to product standards and perform tests that establish performance, even if standards do not exist, and document it all. Share this with your customers as a differentiator. This helps bolster the supplier's brand image and create safer products that customers ask for by name.
  • Engage with the industry and join NEC and other requirement-making institution discussions. It helps to listen in on industry concerns, get first-hand feedback and refute claims you know are incorrectly positioned. It's also a great opportunity to highlight your safety processes, which may also influence future amendments.

Buyers – know where products are sourced

  • Buy only from reputable resellers. Devices purchased from unauthorized distributors who lack important safety certifications carry tremendous risk. Remember, the solutions you install in a facility reflect on you. Do your due diligence.
  • Note the products the NEC states cannot be refurbished. Less reputable resellers do attempt to sell molded case circuit breakers and other safety devices that can't be reconditioned. It's up to you to know the facts and act accordingly.
  • If a project bid includes reconditioned devices, make sure your customer is aware. Remember that reconditioned devices are now labeled as such with third-party listing marks removed, so they're easily noticed. Some clients may not take kindly to reconditioned devices after the fact.


While creating requirements for reconditioned equipment is in its infancy, understanding the differences between used and reconditioned equipment is a great first step toward helping educators, buyers and sellers ensure the safety of people and equipment.

P3 strives to bring you quality relevant industry related news.

See the original full article at: https://www.eaton.com/us/en-us/company/news-insights/for-safetys-sake-blog/NEC-2020-defining-reconditioned-equipment.html

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Jul
22

Schneider Electric's Enhanced Data Center Operations Services Improve Operational Efficiencies and Reduce Risk

  • Software-driven process boosts efficiency in operations up to 15 percent while mitigating risk at every stage of the data center lifecycle.
  • Experienced personnel supported with next-generation digital tools minimize human error to maximize uptime.
  • Full lifecycle management across IT and facilities delivers planning and management efficiencies to deliver CapEx and OpEx savings.
Schneider Electric, the leader in digital transformation of energy management and automation, expands its data center solutions portfolio with the introduction of enhanced, digitized versions of its Critical Facility Operations offers for cloud & service providers and large data centers operators. These new offers make Schneider Electric a leader in digitized data center operations as well as a single source for all Critical Facility Operation services from the IT space to the supporting infrastructure in the facility.

Software-driven process with 24x7 facility management

The new, digitized Critical Facility Operations approach couples a software-driven process with 24x7 on-site facility operations and remote support. Benefits for customers include:

  • Increased operational efficiency: implementation in real-world customer environments have resulted in operational efficiency improvements of up to 15 percent.
  • Lower risk and maximum uptime: qualified personnel operate and maintain the data center using powerful digital tools to ensure process standardization and minimize risk of human error.
  • Efficient IT planning: 'hands-on' tactical workflows are supported by centralized expertise for full life cycle management of IT assets.

Digitized operations reduce risks

"At Schneider Electric, we believe that digitization of data center operations will result in reduced risk of human error, improved efficiency, cost savings, and increased transparency in the data centers we operate around the globe for our customers," said Anthony DeSpirito, Vice President/General Manager of Data Center Operations, Schneider Electric. "As a single vendor for all critical operations in the data center gray and white space, Schneider Electric removes the silos frequently seen between facilities and IT staff, eliminating accountability issues and reducing risk." China Unicom is one of the world's largest telecommunication companies, providing cloud services in response to massive demand. China Unicom elected to outsource on-site critical power operation services for two of its sites to Schneider Electric. Today, more than 100 Schneider experts operate two of China Unicom's hyperscale data centers. "Schneider Electric's mature and customized Critical Facility Operations solution enabled us to improve greatly in terms of reliable operation, predictive maintenance, as well as risk control, achieving 100 percent uptime of the facilities," said Kang Nan, General Manager of Operations and Services Department, China Unicom. "We've also effectively reduced energy consumption, saving us up to 30 percent of cost."

Customized offer to meet specific site and business requirements

Critical Facility Operations for data centers is a customized offer with pricing based on size of facility, number of assets, and optional services selected. The offer includes:

  • 24x7 infrastructure operations and maintenance; emergency preparedness and response
  • Vendor management and oversight
  • Daily walk-through and monitoring, change management, and continuous systems optimization
  • Data center infrastructure engineering for strategic IT hardware capacity planning, power and cooling optimization, and monitoring day to day operations.
  • Rack and stack for standards-driven IT asset lifecycle management services, including installation, moves, adds, changes, and asset decommissioning.
  • Smart hands for on-site technical support, fault identification and resolution, and preventative maintenance. 

P3 strives to bring you quality relevant industry related news.

See the original full article at:https://www.schneider-electric.us/en/about-us/press-us/2019/critical-facility-operations-cfo.jsp

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Jul
16

Eaton’s intelligent power technology advances healthcare modernization

Healthcare providers can experience greater resiliency, efficiency and safety with Eaton technologies at 2019 ASHE Conference

PITTSBURGH, PA… With the continued adoption of digital innovation by healthcare providers to transform the patient care experience, power management company Eaton is helping facility operators understand the potential for intelligent power to improve the resiliency, efficiency and safety of the infrastructure powering these advancements. Eaton is educating healthcare facility leaders on the critical role of intelligent power in healthcare modernization at the 2019 American Society for Healthcare Engineering (ASHE) Annual Conference & Technical Exhibition from July 14 through 17 in Baltimore, Maryland.

"Healthcare providers continue to look for ways to leverage technology to improve the reliability and resiliency of the hospital's essential electrical system," said Justin Carron, global segment manager for healthcare and life sciences, Eaton. "Our intelligent power solutions play an essential role in enabling energy management and achieving compliance, while providing a safe work environment. This technology innovation helps healthcare facilities provide better patient care and aid the personnel who are delivering it."

Eaton's Carron is contributing to the ASHE panel discussion "Powered for Patients DHS NIPP Security & Resilience Challenge Project to Boost Emergency Power Resilience" on Tuesday, July 16. The discussion provides insight into the Powered for Patients initiative, which seeks to leverage intelligent power solutions to help enable faster government response to facilities impacted by power outages due to natural disasters.

Eaton will provide healthcare facility operators with insights into how they can fuel their efforts to modernize their approach to patient care with innovative solutions that include:

  • Eaton's new Pow-R-Line™ XD switchboard, an intelligent solution featuring a compact design that enhances safety and reduces downtime with improved breaker change-out capability.
  • Eaton's Arc Quenching Magnum DS switchgear, industry-first technology that extinguishes arc flash more than 10 times faster than traditional approaches and substantially reduces downtime resulting from arc flash events.
  • A preview of Eaton's Pow-R-Line™ Xpert Series, an intelligent switchboard and panelboard series featuring built-in communications, energy metering and circuit breaker health diagnostics to support a safer, more reliable electrical system.
  • Bypass isolation transfer switches, designed to maintain continuous power and personnel safety during routine maintenance, inspection and testing procedures.

Eaton will also highlight its services from one of the largest and most experienced teams of power system engineers in the industry. Eaton's experts provide services for every stage of a healthcare power system's life cycle, from design to build to support, enabling customers to tailor their systems to best serve the needs of patients.

For more information about Eaton's healthcare solutions learn more at www.eaton.com/healthcare

P3 strives to bring you quality relevant industry related news.

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Jul
08

OSHA Seeks to Increase Awareness of Workplace Hazards in Electrical Industry

OSHA wants employers to work to reduce the number of serious injuries, illnesses, and fatalities among engineers, electricians, and other professionals who perform electrical operations 

The U.S. Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is seeking to raise awareness of hazards in the electrical industry in Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska. OSHA wants employers to work to reduce the number of serious injuries, illnesses, and fatalities among engineers, electricians, and other professionals who perform electrical operations, including work on overhead lines, cable harnesses, and circuit assemblies.

OSHA has resources to help keep workers safe from industry hazards, such as electrocutions, falls, fires and explosions. Its Recommended Practices for Safety and Health Programs can assist employers with identifying and fixing hazards before they cause serious or fatal injuries.

From January 2015 through September 2018, OSHA conducted inspections in the three states after reports of 15 worker hospitalizations and two amputations. Six electrical and wiring installation contractors suffered fatal injuries between October 2012 and September 2018.

"Working with electricity can be safe if employers provide workers with adequate training, and implement appropriate systems to reduce the risk of workplace injuries," says OSHA Regional Administrator Kimberly Stille, in Kansas City, Missouri.

OSHA's On-Site Consultation Program offers no-cost and confidential occupational safety and health services to small- and medium-sized businesses to identify workplace hazards, provide advice for compliance with OSHA standards, and assist in establishing and improving safety and health programs. On-Site Consultation services are separate from enforcement and do not result in penalties or citations.

For more information, visit www.osha.gov.

 P3 strives to bring you quality relevant industry related news.

See the original full article at: https://www.ecmweb.com/safety/osha-seeks-increase-awareness-workplace-hazards-electrical-industry?NL=ECM-05&Issue=ECM-05_20190702_ECM-05_681&sfvc4enews=42&cl=article_10&utm_rid=CPG04000000918978&utm_campaign=27267&utm_medium=email&elq2=b8f8e1cd53dc41419268984cc17f677c&oly_enc_id=6901B0580289B1P

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Jul
01

NEC 2020 code new standards in GFCI protection

During the recent 2020 code review, panel members of the National Electrical Code (NEC) approved changes to ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) protection. Those changes dramatically reduce the dangers associated with electrical hazard and shock. The most significant change is the increase of amp protection ratings across all receptacle outlets, both indoor and outdoor, wherever GFCI protection is required. In this blog, I'll discuss how that change informs:

GFCI language expansion
Better protection for basements
Safer equipment maintenance for workers
Safer outdoor outlets
Sweeping global language changes
Further expansion of 50-amp protection

Some updates highlighted in this discussion apply to long-standing requirements. With that, a need for further clarity may still exist in the Code. However, I can say without hesitation that the NEC's 2020 GFCI updates significantly enhance electrical safety for homeowners and electrical workers alike.


GFCI language expansion

The 2020 change

Code-making panel 2 (CMP 2) updated text to read, "All 125-volt through 250-volt receptacles installed in the locations specified in 210.8(A) (1) through (11) and supplied by single-phase branch circuits rated 150 volts or less to ground shall have ground fault circuit interrupter protection for personnel." In layman's terms, the NEC removed amp values across all amp-rated receptacle outlets requiring GFCI protection in the areas listed in this section.

The rationale for change

NEC 2017 language only accounts for 15- and 20-amp receptacle outlets for dwelling units. During 2020 code review meetings, panel members agreed that hazards always exist; if 15- and 20-amp receptacle outlets present a hazard, that hazard also exists on 30-amp and higher receptacle outlets. However, it was difficult to understand the likelihood of a hazardous occurrence when weighed against expanded requirements. Recent home-based electrocution accidents – a 10-year-old girl behind an energized appliance, a child in Oklahoma retrieving a pet behind a clothes dryer, a 10-year-old Houston boy playing hide and seek — helped panel members realize the need for change. In light of these tragic events, we now have a requirement that sets a higher standard across more areas of the Code, though there are some exceptions discussed later in this blog.

What might the future hold?

The NEC mandates GFCI protection in many areas of the home: bathrooms, garages, outdoor receptacles, crawl spaces, basements, kitchens and anything within six feet of a sink or water source. While that may seem like a lot, the entirety of a home is not covered. The reality is when people have a problem with a tripped circuit, it's entirely possible they'll use an extension cord to plug into a receptacle outlet that's not GFCI protected. Doing so does nothing to eliminate the original hazard potentially caused by the device in use. I hope that NEC members account for the human factor and require GFCI coverage throughout the home during the next code review.



Better protection in basements

The 2020 change

The NEC expanded GFCI protection for dwelling units with basements both finished and unfinished.

The rationale for change

Often afterthoughts that present unique hazards, basements are typically not as well maintained as other areas of the home. Further, environments are often wet and damp, and moisture is a great conductor. These code updates help ensure that accidents due to factors such as leakage current and contact with water are considerably lessened or eliminated.

What might the future hold?

Many rooms in a home are already required to have GFCI protection. While it feels like the most logical code progression, others in the industry still pushback on requiring GFCIs throughout a home claiming financial concerns or installation problems. As with the parental language update, I believe this code change can inspire discussions to include GFCIs throughout the home.


Safer equipment maintenance for workers

The 2020 change

The NEC expanded GFCI protection under Article 210.63(A) for HVAC equipment and Article 210.63(B) for indoor service equipment and indoor equipment requiring dedicated space.

The rationale for change

Equipment location is at the crux of this update. While HVAC equipment in the basement is covered now that all basement circuits are GFCI protected, HVAC equipment located in attics and other areas would likely not have GFCI protection. CMP 2 recognized that many HVAC areas are typically tight working spaces where technicians perform justified energized work (they can't troubleshoot a de-energized circuit). In essence, the update assures equipment requiring service has a GFCI-protected receptacle outlet for ready access.

What might the future hold?

Because this is the NEC's first venture into expanding 210.63, I expect some inspectors and contractors may not see eye to eye on code language. Industry discussions across the country and during future review cycles will help the NEC make future improvements.


Safer outdoor outlets

The 2020 change

The NEC updated the Code for outdoor outlets supplied by single-phase branch circuits rated 150 volts to ground or less, 50 amps or less. Key to this update: it extends beyond receptacle outlets to include all outlets. Now all hard-wired equipment falls under the Code's purview.

The rationale for change

One downfall of the electrical business is that it's more reactive than proactive, with accidents often the catalyst for change. Numerous incidents inspired this code change, including an accident involving a 12-year-old boy who jumped over a fence and touched an AC condenser unit with an electrical fault. The outer metal housing was electrified and the child was fatally electrocuted immediately upon coming in contact with the condenser and fence simultaneously.

What might the future hold?

GFCI technology is unforgiving in that it's built to detect even the slightest power variance, and when expanded to include outlets impacting new types of loads, questions arise. With GFCIs installed, leakage-current trips may be near constant, rendering large equipment unusable. In the future, I hope industries rethink products with acceptable leakage current, hertz and frequency values to reduce future compatibility issues.

Further, this change will likely spur discussions related to current GFCI requirements focusing only on receptacle outlets. Hardwiring equipment does not eliminate the electrical hazard. I venture someone will propose public inputs during the next code-review cycle to challenge details about receptacle outlets versus outlets requiring GFCI protection.



Sweeping global language changes

The 2020 change

The NEC reviewed all locations with a GFCI requirement and aligned with Article 210.8. Updates were made in many locations to include text, such as "in addition to the requirements of 210.8" and similar, to clarify language and eliminate misinterpretation.

The rationale for change

The NEC included Article 210.8(B) for other than dwelling units in 1993. Before its inclusion, builders relied on requirements in later chapters of the Code (chapters five through seven), for safety guidance. For example, RV Park GFCI requirements added in 1978 aligned with 210.8's 15- and 20-amp receptacle outlet GFCI protection philosophy at that time. NEC 2017 created some confusion when 210.8(B) increased GFCI protection requirements beyond 15- and 20-amp receptacle outlets for other than dwelling units. This presented a challenge: a chapter two requirement applied a generally wider level of GFCI protection. This conflicted with chapter five, which has less coverage of GFCI protection.

The correlating committee recognized similar conflicts exist across industries and formulated a task group that challenged every code panel to look at their GFCI requirements and attempt to align them with 210.8's 50-amp increase.

What might the future hold?

Each code panel performed their review; some made changes, others did not. There is room for discussion in future revisions of the Code regarding shock hazards in the special other than dwelling unit applications. I believe the NEC will soon increase its focus on GFCIs and hopefully add clarity as each application in chapters five through seven approaches GFCI protection differently.



Further expansion of 50-amp protection

NEC articles to watch

While representatives in agriculture and RV industries have valid concerns about nuisance tripping, I believe the NEC should revisit Article 547 for agricultural buildings and Article 551 for RVs and RV parks to address valid shock hazard concerns and consider increasing GFCI protection to 50 amps.

The rationale for change

Farming and RV industries rely on circuits that operate at well over 20 amps, yet no safety requirements exist. Much of the equipment used in these industries can be quite old with leakage current a serious concern. In my opinion, the Code lacks parity in how safety requirements exist in some industries and not in others. That must change.

The studies needed to promote change exist. The University of Iowa and the University of Nebraska have uncovered many incidents where farmers lost their lives due to faulty agricultural electrical equipment. Further, RV "hot skin," a situation where the entirety of an RV's outer housing becomes energized due to electrical faults, can kill in an instant, as was the case when a young boy died when touching an RV. If RV parks and farms running 30- to 50-amp receptacles without GFCI protection is not deemed a concern worth addressing, how can anyone claim running 30- to 50-amp receptacles outside of dwelling units is a hazard? Common sense dictates both are hazards and change is necessary.

What might the future hold?

I appreciate that equipment compatibility issues on farms and at RV parks may require much time and financial capital to resolve. However, I cannot condone sitting idle as lives are lost. I hope a series of discussions during the next code review cycle inspires commissioning an NFPA Fire Protection Research Foundation study to further understand the implications of expanding GFCI protection beyond 15 and 20 amps in RV parks and farms. Let's study the problem, understand the challenges and determine solutions that increase safety.



Let's continue to make great strides in safety

Extending the amp requirement across all receptacles is a milestone that cannot be understated — it will change how industries work. Many of the changes I've discussed represent the first step toward increasing safety, with industry feedback being critically important in making improvements in 2023. With that, we already have some of the data needed to suggest the changes desperately needed in the RV and farming industries. I call on my NEC colleagues to begin safety conversations now so that we as a group can protect more lives from electrical shock.

Article by Thomas Domitrovich, P.E., LEED AP, Eaton vice president, technical sales, May 29, 2019

P3 strives to bring you quality relevant industry related news.

See the original full article at: https://www.eaton.com/us/en-us/company/news-insights/for-safetys-sake-blog/NEC-2020-increases-GFCI-protection.html

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